Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is under-active and doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. Although there's no evidence that eating or avoiding certain foods will improve thyroid function in people with hypothyroidism, you can certainly treat the symptoms with diet therapy. Hypothyroidism leaves you tired and sluggish. To gain more energy, you
may be relying on higher-kilojoule foods to give yourself a boost, but
this only adds to your weight problem.
* Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is under-active
* Symptoms include fatigue, lethargy, weakness, difficulty concentrating and feelings of being cold constantly
* Hypothyroidism leaves you tired and sluggish
* To gain more energy, you
may be relying on higher-kilojoule foods to give yourself a boost
In the process, the body produces less heat and the organs function below optimal levels. This results in symptoms such as fatigue, lethargy, weakness, difficulty concentrating and feelings of being cold constantly. Less energy also results in decreased activity levels, which can contribute to further weight gain.
Nutrients to boost thyroid function
Without sufficient iodine, your thyroid cannot produce adequate hormones to help your body function at an optimal level. Of all foods seaweed, like kelp, is the most famous and reliable source of natural iodine, however egg and dairy products can also be good sources. The best alternative may be to take an iodine supplement, although it should be noted, that too much iodine can actually trigger thyroid problems and worsen symptoms, so it’s important to have a healthy balance.
This mineral is said to be critical for the proper functioning of your thyroid gland, and is used to produce and regulate the T3 hormone. Selenium can be found in foods such as shrimp, snapper, tuna, cod, halibut, button and shitake mushrooms and Brazil nuts.
> Zinc, Iron and Copper
These metals are needed in trace amounts for healthy thyroid function. Low levels of zinc have been linked to low levels of TSH, whereas iron deficiency has been linked to decreased thyroid efficiency. Copper is also necessary for the production of thyroid hormones. Foods such as spinach, mushrooms, turnip greens and Swiss chard can help provide these trace metals in your diet.
> Omega-3 Fats
These essential fats, which are found in fish or fish oil, play an important role in thyroid function, and many help your cells become sensitive to thyroid hormone.
> Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is made up of mostly medium-chain fatty acids, which may help to increase metabolism and promote weight loss, along with providing other thyroid benefits. This is especially beneficial for those with hypothyroidism.
> Anti-oxidants and B Vitamins
The anti-oxidant vitamins A, C and E can help your body neutralise oxidative stress that may damage the thyroid. In addition, B vitamins help to manufacture thyroid hormone and play an important role in healthy thyroid function. You will need to concentrate on foods such as quinoa, brown rice, lentils, nuts, whole-wheat pasta (if you are not allergic), fortified cereals, bananas, chicken/turkey, salmon, baked potatoes and spinach.